Red River Cart, c 1840

On these versatile and sturdy carts, traders moved a large quantity of furs and skins along the border between Canada and the United States on the Red River trails.  Traders used the carts to carry out furs and bring in supplies on this American land route which challenged the Canadian Hudson Bay Company’s monopoly. As late as 1857 a brigade of 500 carts brought an estimated $183,000 in furs through the St. Paul, Minnesota markets for eventual sale in the Eastern United States.





Other objects in the merchant marketplace…