Time Clock, 1912

This time clock was used in a garment factory in New York. It helped to regulate the arrival and departure of employees and record how long they worked.

In the 19th and early 20th century the shift from craft work to industrial work brought new systems of management designed to maintain discipline, regiment the work force, and increase profits. Americans who worked in factories and mills were among the first to experience the new relationship between managers and workers. Workers feared having their individual liberties swallowed up by the growing factory system but benefited from an increased standard of living.





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